état espírito santo

El Espíritu Santo, al llenar al creyente con un sentido de lo divino, le mueve a rendir este honor y alabanza. Italian pasta and cheeses, like mozzarella, are produced locally. Espírito Santo's exports: manufacturing of iron and steel 35.8%, iron ore 25.2%, paper 17.6%, coffee 7.7%, granite 6.5% (2002). In 2012, the export basket of Espírito Santo was based on iron ore (52.49%), crude oil (10.87%), chemical pulp made of soda or sulphate wood (10.01%), stone or construction (5.58%) and coffee (4.42%). The peak of Bandeira, the third highest in the country, is another tourist destination. [18][19], Espírito Santo was the largest brazilian producer of papaya in 2018, with 354 thousand tons. North of Doce River is generally drier and also hot. Following the elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1815, prompted by the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Espírito Santo was elevated to a province. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), the state of Bahia (N), the state of Minas Gerais (N and W), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (S). The pre-colonial Amerindians groups in Espírito Santo were the Tupiniquim, the Temininó, the Aymoré, the Puri and the Botocudo. [20], The state was the 5th largest producer of coconut in Brazil in 2009, with 157 million fruits. Together, they correspond to 72.7% of the national production of 85.1 million m³. Subcategories. In Vitória, ships sail in close proximity to cars and pedestrians. [citation needed]. Depuis sa création, Banestes a continué à construire l'un des plus grands réseaux bancaires de l'État d'Espirito Santo. With 46,180 square kilometers (17,830 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountainous forests, mangroves and many others. About industry, Espírito Santo in 2017 had an industrial GDP of R$ 21.3 billion, equivalent to 1.8% of the national industry. The steel industries are located in the capital Vitória: Companhia Ferro e Aço de Vitória, iron ore pelletizing plant of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce; lumber, textiles, crockery, instant coffee, chocolates and refrigerators. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. The state's tourist activity is concentrated on the coast, where there are beaches, such as Itaúnas and Guarapari. Eurico de Aguiar Salles Airport, which serves Vitória, is located on a plot of land just over 5.2 million square meters (1,300 acres). [citation needed], In 2003, more than 1.2 million passengers used the airport, and in 2004 this rose to some 1.25 million. In the urban centers of the capital and Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, practically all the main units of the Espírito Santo transformation industry are concentrated. This narrow approach also results in shipping passing closely to population centers. Vitória is one of the 32 airports in the Infraero network that has a cargo terminal. Localização État Espírito Santo : País Brasil, Estado Espírito Santo. It was given this name in reference to the Holy Ghost, believed by some Christian religions to be the third part of a trinity God … The tertiary sector is underdeveloped throughout the state. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. Espírito Santo is a major steel producer, due to two steel mills present in its territory: ArcelorMittal Tubarão (formerly Companhia Siderúrgica de Tubarão), in the capital Vitória, which, in 2018, produced 7 million tons of crude steel, of the 35.4 million produced in the country; and ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (formerly Votorantim Siderurgia), also in the capital, which produced 1 million tons of crude steel in the same year. Urbanization: 82.2% (2006); Population growth: 2% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,056,000 (2006).[8]. Jahrhunderts in Espirito Santo (Brasilien) : eine Pilotstudie. Lately, a new type of tourism has gained prominence: gastronomic, in which typical Capixaba cuisine, heir to different cultures, is appreciated. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. Chaque personne née dans l'État est connue sous le nom de Capixaba ou Espirito Santo. There is debate as to the origin of the term capixaba, the unofficial demonym for those born in Espírito Santo. However, Espírito Santo was still to play a significant part in the Brazilian abolitionist movement in the guise of the Espírito Santo's slave rebellion of 1848-1849, which demanded intervention of imperial troops. The 2012 National Research by Household Sample census revealed the following numbers: 1,835,000 White (50.45%), 1,448,000 Brown (Multiracial) (39.81%), 336,000 Black (9.25%), 7,000 Asian (0.19%), 11,000 Indigenous (0.30%). Les villes principales de l'Espírito Santo (à l'exception de la région du Grand Vitória) sont Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Guarapari, Linhares, Muniz Freire et Vila Velha. Tourism plays an ever-increasing role in the state's economy and is a leading destination in Brazilian domestic tourism, although international tourism is rarer. The first African slaves in Espírito Santo arrived in Vitória in 1609; and years of slavery ensued. "Gloria" lleva en sí la idea de honor y de alabanza ascripta en la adoración. In 1556, after the arrival of European missionaries, the cities Serra, Nova Almeida and Santa Cruz were founded. Oil fields are located both on land and at sea, in shallow, deep and ultra-deep waters, containing light and heavy oil and non-associated gas. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Guarapari is also a local tourist destination, known for its healing black sand beaches. We have reviews of the best places to see in State of Espirito Santo. Find what to do today or anytime in December. The main industrial sectors are: Extraction of Oil and Natural Gas (23.0%), Construction (20.5%), Industrial Services of Public Utility, such as Electricity and Water (12.3%), Metallurgy (7.5 %) and Pulp and Paper (6.6%). L'Espírito Santo est situé à l'est de la région géographique sud-est du Brésil, qui contient aussi les États de São Paulo, du Minas Gerais et de Rio de Janeiro. The capital, Vitória, is located on an island, next to Guarapari, which constitutes the state's main metro area. 60-75% of the population of Espírito Santo have Italian ancestry, making it the state with the highest percentage of Italian descendants in Brazil. Jesus Culture - Santo Espíritu (Holy Spirit) (Letras y canción para escuchar) - Nada vale mas que tu mi señor / No hay comparación eres nuestro vivir / Tu presencia / He probado, he visto de tu dulce amor / Donde yo libre soy y Situation critique dans l’État de l’Espírito Santo: les autorités doivent veiller à ne pas commettre d’erreurs démanteler la Index AI : AMR 19/026/02 Parce que, depuis longtemps, les atteintes systématiques aux droits humains ne font l’objet d’aucune enquête et … Espírito Santo is home to the biggest community of East Pomeranian speakers in the world. With several discoveries made, mainly by Petrobras, the State left the fifth position in the Brazilian ranking of reserves, in 2002, to become one of the largest oil province in the country, with total reserves of 2.5 billion barrels. Volume 9, Page 34 A new species of Maxillaria (Orchidaceae)from Bolivia. [citation needed], Originally, "capixaba" referred only to people from Vitória, but in common parlance it eventually came to refer to those born anywhere in the state. In the north of the state, beef cattle are raised and fattened, and there the meat industry was developed, whose meat is mainly shipped to Rio de Janeiro, in addition to supplying the region of Vitória. In May 1999 the first direct international freight connection to the United States In 2017, Minas accounted for 54.3% of the total national coffee production (1st place), Espírito Santo accounted for 19.7% (second place) and São Paulo, 9.8% (third place). They were the cities of Telêmaco Borba (PR), Três Lagoas (MS), Caravelas (BA), Mucuri (BA), Ortigueira (PR), São Mateus (ES), Dom Eliseu (PR), Nova Viçosa (BA), Water Clara (MS) and Ribas do Rio Pardo (MS).[28][29]. The Portuguese court were fleeing the Napoleonic Invasion of Portugal (1807). Coastal cuisine is an attraction, with moqueca capixaba and other local seafood dishes among traditional offerings. According to the IBGE as of 2012, there were 3,637,000 people residing in the state. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo was carved out of the Captaincy of Bahia in the 18th century, during the colonial rule of Brazil, and named after a 16th century captaincy covering roughly the same area of coast. Esta categoria inclui imagens relacionadas ao município de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo - Brasil. Get this from a library! Il est limité par l'océan Atlantique à l'est, le Bahia au nord, le Minas Gerais au nord et à l'ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. However, commercial activity acquires a certain importance with iron ore exports from Minas Gerais, through the Vitória a Minas Railway and is shipped at the ports of Atalaia and Ponta do Tubarão. Industry consists mainly of canning, forestry, textiles, iron and steel works. Microrégions [modifier | modifier le code] In 2020, Espírito Santo was the largest producer of Coffea canephora in Brazil, with a 66.3% share of the total (564.5 thousand tons, or 9.4 million 60 kg bags). The livestock industry is represented primarily by cattle raised for milk and beef. As at the time they were Ottoman Empire citizens, they were commonly called 'Turcos' (Turks). The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. Espírito Santo was the third largest producer state, with 9.4%. Large groups of Romani people settled in Espírito Santo's countryside in the late 19th century. On the other hand, the connection of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim to the city of Rio de Janeiro, by paved highway, allowed the incorporation of the region into the Rio de Janeiro milk basin and facilitated the export of agricultural products, such as coffee, corn, manioc, rice and vegetables. Espírito Santo's climate is tropical along the coast, with dry winters and rainy summers. This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total. More recently developed are silviculture and fruit growing, with use for canned fruit and for cellulose production. Espírito Santo's namesake is the Christian Holy Ghost (also known as the Holy Spirit). Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. [1] With an extensive coastline, the state hosts some of the country's main ports, and its beaches are significant tourist attractions. The latter two are concentrated around Cariacica and the Vale do Rio Doce ironworks. The bay on which it is located is extremely narrow, with rocks, reefs and mountains making it challenging for freighters and maritime cruisers to reach the docks. Espírito Santo stands out in this sector. Italiano: Il Espírito Santo è uno stato del Brasile. In 1889, with the advent of the First Brazilian Republic, Espírito Santo was made one of the states of Brazil. In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. The first German settlement, Santa Isabel, was founded in 1844, and still stands. [13][15][16][17], Espírito Santo was the 7th largest national producer of banana in 2018, with 408 thousand tons. The country exported US $ 7.48 billion in pulp this year, US $ 3.25 billion only to China. The capital was at first established in Vila Velha, but due to frequent raids by Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8, 1551, on an island near Vila Velha, which was later named Vitória Island. Agriculture represents 5% of GDP (2004). In 2016, the top five states producing logs for paper and cellulose (mainly eucalyptus) were: Paraná (15.9 million m³), São Paulo (14.7 million m³) , Bahia (13.6 million m³), Mato Grosso do Sul (9.9 million m³) and Minas Gerais (7.8 million m³). Espírito Santo is Brazil's highest steel-producing state. There are about 140 thousand barrels a day. [citation needed] In São Mateus, petroleum reserves have been found on the continental shelf, and are being commercially exploited. Like today's Capixaba Italian community, they still hold on to many aspects of their ancestors' homeland's culture, as represented in festivals such as the Sommerfest in Domingos Martins. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. The 10 largest industrial companies in Espírito Santo are: Companhia Vale do Rio Doce (mining), ArcelorMittal Tubarão (steel mill), Samarco Mineração (mining), Aracruz Celulose, Fertilizers Heringer, ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (steel mill), Escelsa (electricity distribution company), Garoto (the largest chocolate factory in Latin America and the most important industrial food company of the state) and Sol Coqueria. Things to Do in State of Espirito Santo, Brazil: See Tripadvisor's 211,913 traveler reviews and photos of State of Espirito Santo tourist attractions. Et pourtant, poursuit Carta Capital, cet État d’Espírito Santo, qui comptait dans les années 1980 parmi les plus violents du Brésil, a mené depuis 2011 une politique intelligente de prévention et de respect des citoyens, couplant des mesures de sécurité à la prise en charge des jeunes dans les quartiers pauvres. In the mountainous regions in the south and southwest of the state, the tropical climate is strongly influenced by altitude, and the average temperatures are lower. Another reason for the subdued expansion was the colonial administration's prohibition of the laying roads leading into Minas Gerais, as it was feared gold would be smuggled through the state. Slavery started losing its economic importance in Espírito Santo after that event. [27], In the paper and cellulose sector, Brazilian pulp production was 19.691 million tons in 2019. Brazilian forest-based industry exports totaled US $ 9.7 billion (US $ 7.48 billion in cellulose, US $ 2 billion in paper and US $ 265 million in wood panels). Espírito Santo from Mapcarta, the free map. State of Espirito Santo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 211,505 reviews of State of Espirito Santo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best State of Espirito Santo resource. Paper production was 10.535 million tons in 2019. Ya hemos leído en Juan 14:26 las palabras de Jesús: «El Consolador, el Espíritu Santo, a quien el Padre enviará en mi nombre, él os enseñará todas las cosas, y os recordará todo lo que yo os he dicho». After Cristiano Dias Lopes, Arthur Carlos Gerhard Santos, Élcio Álvares and Eurico Rezende were chosen in this fashion, the military government slowly redemocratized, culminating in the adoption of Brazil's current 1988 Constitution. Romanians (especially from Transylvania and Bukovina) and Roma usually arrived under Austrian passports. [9][10][11][12] They founded many towns in the area and have significant influence on Capixaba society. The state's subsoil is rich in minerals, including oil. Vitória is an important port for the exporting of iron and steel; the state is among the biggest steel-producing regions the world. It was elevated to province status in 1821, following the 1815 elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, prompted by the 1808 transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply.

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